The word kata means "shape" or "form". The kanji for kata the Japanese character above is composed of the following three Japanese characters :- Katachi meaning "Shape". Kai meaning "Cut". Tsuchi meaning "Earth" or "Soil".
Literally translated, kata means "shape which cuts the ground".
A kata is a sequence of blocks, kicks, punches, locks and throws from one or more stances, involving movement forward, backward and to the sides. The number of movements and their sequence are very specific. The balance between offensive and defensive techniques, the stances used and the direction and flow of movement all serve to give each kata its distinctive character. Through the practice of kata, the traditional techniques used for fighting are learned. Balance, coordination, breathing and concentration are also developed. Done properly, kata are an excellent physical exercise and a very effective form of total mind and body conditioning. Kata embodies the idea of ren ma, or "always polishing" with diligent practice, the moves of the kata become further refined and perfected. The attention to detail that is necessary to perfect a kata cultivates self discipline.
Through concentration, dedication and practice, a higher level of learning may be achieved, where the kata is so ingrained in the subconscious mind that no conscious attention is needed. This is what the Zen masters call mushin, or "no mind." The conscious, rational thought practice is not used at all what was once memorised is now spontaneous. The practice of traditional kata is also a way for the karateka to pay respect to the origins and history of Kyokushin Karate and the martial arts in general.
The majority of Kyokushin Kata have been derived from Katas from Shotokan and Goju Ryu reflecting Sosai Oyama's early training under Gichin Funakoshi and So Nei Chu. The Sokugi, kicking, kata and the Pinan Katas in Ura, reverse, were created by Sosai Oyama. The Kata Garyu is the most genuine Kyokushin kata as it contains Mawashi Geri and Ushiro Mawashi Geri. This kata is not found in any other form of karate and was created by Sosai Oyama. Some debate exists as to whether Yantsu is a Kyokushin Kata or whether it was derived from a Chinese Kenpo form. It has been altered so much that it should be looked upon as a Kyokushin kata.
|Orange||10th||Taikyoku Sono Ichi||Grand Ultimate View 1||Shotokan, Gichin Funakoshi||Hajime|
| || ||Taikyoku Sono Ni||Grand Ultimate View 2||Shotokan, Gichin Funakoshi||Hajime|
| || ||Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ichi|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
|Orange (+Bar)||9th||Taikyoku Sono San||Grand Ultimate View 3||Shotokan, Gichin Funakoshi||Hajime|
| || ||Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ni|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Sokugi Taikyoku Sono San|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
|Blue||8th||Pinan Sono Ichi||Peaceful Mind 1||Shuri-Te, Anko Itosu||Hajime|
| || ||Pinan Sono Ni||Peaceful Mind 2||Shuri-Te, Anko Itosu||Hajime|
|Blue (+Bar)||7th||Sanchin||Three Battles|| ||Hajime|
|Yellow||6th||Pinan Sono San||Peaceful Mind 3||Shuri-Te, Anko Itosu||Hajime|
| || ||Pinan Sono Yon||Peaceful Mind 4||Shuri-Te, Anko Itosu||Hajime|
|Yellow (+Bar)||5th||Yantsu||Keep Pure||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Tsuki No Kata||Punching|| ||Hajime|
|Green||4th||Pinan Sono Go||Peaceful Mind 5||Shuri-Te, Anko Itosu||Hajime|
| || ||Taikyoku Sono Ichi Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama|| |
| || ||Taikyoku Sono Ni Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama|| |
| || ||Taikyoku Sono San Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama|| |
|Green (+Bar)||3rd||Gekisai Dai||Conquer and Occupy Major||Goju Ryu, Chojun Miyagi|| |
|Brown||2nd||Pinan Sono Ichi Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Pinan Sono Ni Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Pinan Sono San Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Pinan Sono Yon Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Pinan Sono Go Ura|| ||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Tensho||Rotating Palm||Goju Ryu, Chojun Miyagi||Hajime|
|Brown (+Bar)||1st||Saifa||Extreme Destruction|| ||Hajime|
| || ||Gekisai Sho||Conquer and Occupy Minor||Goju Ryu, Chojun Miyagi||Hajime|
|Black (+ 1 Gold Bar)||Shodan||Seienchin||Calm In The Storm||Naha-Te, Kanryo Higashionna||Hajime|
| || ||Garyu||Reclining Dragon||Kyokushin, Sosai Oyama||Hajime|
| || ||Bassai Dai|| || || |
|Black (+ 2 Gold Bars)||Nidan||Seipai||18 Hands|| || |
|Black (+ 3 Gold Bars)||Sandan||Kanku||Sky Gazing||Tode Sakugawa||Hajime|
|Black (+ 4 Gold Bars)||Yondan||Sushiho||54 Steps|| ||Hajime|